Travelling to Thailand is a breeze, as the country has a tourist-friendly policy as well as a vast network of infrastructure and hotels that cater to a diverse array of business and leisure travellers. But before planning your next trip to Thailand, it’s good to know all the essential information about the country, such as when is the best time to go, what to bring, getting around, cultural etiquettes, numbers to call in case of emergencies and all the facts that will help make your journey as pleasant as it can be.
Get to know the Five Regions of Thailand
Thailand covers the area of 514,000 sq km (2/3 the size of NSW) 5 regions, 77 provinces
Central Thailand is known for its fertile alluvial plains of Chao Phraya River. This region is the agricultural heartland of the country with a network of rivers and canals. It comprises of 17 provinces including the capital – Bangkok, the former capital & UNESCO World Heritage Site – Ayutthaya and the WW II historical site – Kanchanaburi. This region is the centre of Thailand’s history and is full of ancient temples and ruins.
Northern Thailand is well known for its lush mountains full of forests and waterfalls and is home to many ethnic hill tribes. The region comprises of 17 provinces including Thailand’s second largest city – Chiang Mai. The home to the notorious Golden Triangle, Chiang Rai is on the border of Thailand, Myanmar and Laos, the former capital & a UNESCO World Heritage Site – Sukhothai, the city of fog – Mae Hong Son and the hidden gem – Nan.
Northeastern Thailand (Isan) is on a large plateau that borders Laos and Cambodia. The region comprises of 20 provinces and is famous for its intercultural influence of Thai, Laotian and Khmer cultures, from the same era as Angkor Wat. Lower Isan is most notable for its Khmer influenced ruins whereas upper Isan is full of ideal peaks perfect for trekking. It is the most populated region but the least popular among tourists from overseas. This region is home to Thailand’s first national park & UNESCO World Heritage – Khao Yai in Nakhon Ratchasima, Ubon Ratchathani where Thailand’s most elaborate Candle Procession Festival is held every year to mark the beginning of the Buddhist Lent and Loei which is home to one of Thailand’s best trekking sites where the grand merit making event Phi Ta Khon Festival is held.
Eastern Thailand is the smallest region comprises of 9 provinces including the bustling resort city – Pattaya in Chonburi, Ko Samet in Rayong and Ko Chang in Trat.
Southern Thailand is famous for its long coastlines with several small islands. On the west is the Andaman Sea with its rugged and strange limestone rock formations and on the east is the Gulf of Thailand with its wide bays and more flat beach. The region comprises of 14 provinces including the famous holiday destinations – Ko Samui, Ko Phangan and Khao Sok in Surat Thani, Mu Ko Similan in Phang – Nga, Mu Ko Phi Phi in Krabi and Thailand’s most popular tourist destination – Phuket.