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Geography and Climate

       The union of Myanmar is 2,61,228 square miles (676,577 square kilometers). It stretches for 582 miles (936 kilometers) from east to west and 1,275 miles (2,051 kilometers) from north to south.

       The length of contiguous frontier is 3,828 miles (6,129 kilometers), sharing 1,370 miles with China, 1,310 miles with Thailand, 832 miles with India, 1,687 miles with Bangladesh and 148 miles with Laos respectively. The length of the coastline from the mouth of Naaf River to Kawthaung is approximately 1,385 miles.

       The Union of Myanmar is geographically situated in Southeast Asia between latitudes 9 32' N and 28 31' N and longitudes 92 10' E and 101 11' E.

       The People's Republic of China borders Myanmar on the north and northeast on the east and southeast by the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Kingdom of Thailand, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India.

       East longitude 96 13' and north latitude 16 45' run through Yangon, the Capital City of Myanmar.

Climate

       The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: summer, rainy and cold season. From March to mid-May are summer months; the rain falls from mid-May to the end of October and the cold season starts in November and ends in the end of February. Generally, Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate. However, climatic conditions differ widely from place to place due to widely different topographical situations. Central Myanmar has an annual rainfall of less than 40 inches while the Rakhine coast gets about 200 inches.

        Besides, the average highest temperature in Central Myanmar during the summer months March and April is above 110 F (43.3C) while in Northern Myanmar is about 79 F (36.1 C) and on the Shan Plateau between 85 F and 95 F (29.4 C and 35 C). Temperature of towns varies according to their locations and elevations.

       Mountain ranges of Myanmar created different climatic condition, rain forest that makes regular rainfall for the rice farmers and also acting as a natural barrier which is protecting the mainland from typhoons and hurricanes.

Population and National Races of Myanmar

       The Union of Myanmar has divided into seven States and seven Divisions and made up of 135 ethnic groups of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. According to the statistics of 2008 , the population of the country is estimated at 57.6 million and the population growth rate is 1.84%. Males constitute 25.8 million and females constitute 31.8 million.

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SHAN YOMA TRAVEL & TOURS COMPANY LIMITED
Yangon Office
NO.124/126, 50th Street, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Tel: (+95-1) 295510, 299389, 204152, 726322, 726323, 4412898
Fax: (+95-1) 299389, E-mail: info@exploremyanmar.com, explore@myanmar.com.mm
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